Policy Map

Ohio

School Choice Policy

Charter School Choice

Do state statutes allow for charter schools?

Are for-profit charters allowed?

No:

"Each contract entered into between a sponsor and the governing authority of a community school shall specify the following:

(1) That the school shall be established as either of the following:
(a) A nonprofit corporation established under Chapter 1702. of the Revised Code, if established prior to April 8, 2003;
(b) A public benefit corporation established under Chapter 1702. of the Revised Code, if established after April 8, 2003."

3314.03(A)(1)(a&b): Specifications of contract between sponsor and governing authority - specifications of comprehensive plan.

Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?

No:

An entity that sponsors community schools may enter into preliminary agreements and sponsor up to one hundred schools, provided each school and the contract for sponsorship meets the requirements of this chapter. However, while a sponsor is limited to 100 schools, there is no limit on the number of sponsors. Ohio laws allows for more sponsors to be created and therefore there isn't a cap on the number of schools.

3314.015: Oversight of sponsors.
3314.029: Ohio school sponsorship program.

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?

No:

Except as provided in section 3314.091 of the Revised Code, the board of education of each city, local, and exempted village school district shall provide transportation to and from school for its district's native students in accordance with section 3327.01 of the Revised Code.

3314.09 Transportation of native students provided by board of each school district.

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?

Yes:

Community schools can hire non-certified persons to teach for up to 12 hours per week otherwise the teacher will be licensed.

3314.03: Specifications of contract between sponsor and governing authority - specifications of comprehensive plan.

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?

Yes:

"Internet- or computer-based community school" means a community school established under this chapter in which the enrolled students work primarily from their residences on assignments in nonclassroom-based learning opportunities provided via an internet- or other computer-based instructional method that does not rely on regular classroom instruction or via comprehensive instructional methods that include internet-based, other computer-based, and non computer-based learning opportunities unless a student receives career-technical education under section 3314.086 of the Revised Code."

3314.02 Proposal for converting public school to community school.

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?

Yes:

"Each internet- or computer-based community school shall keep an accurate record of each individual student's participation in learning opportunities each day. The record shall be kept in such a manner that the information contained within it easily can be submitted to the department of education, upon request by the department or the auditor of state."

3314.27 Maximum daily hours by computer-based school student.

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?

No:

"Qualifications of teachers, including a requirement that the school's classroom teachers be licensed in accordance with sections 3319.22 to 3319.31 of the Revised Code, except that a community school may engage non certificated persons to teach up to twelve hours per week pursuant to section 3319.301 of the Revised Code."

3319.22 Standards and requirements for educator licenses; local professional development committees.

Private School Choice

Do state statutes allow for voucher programs?

Yes:

Ohio statute allows for 5 voucher programs:

(1) Educational Choice Scholarship Ohio
Ohio Rev. Code §§ 3310.01 through 17

(2) Income-Based Scholarship Program
Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.032

(3) Autism Scholarship Program
Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.41 through § 3310.43

(4) Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program
Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.51 through § 3310.64

(5) Cleveland Scholarship Program
Ohio Rev. Code § 3313.974 through § 3313.979

(1) Educational Choice Scholarship - Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.01 through § 3310.17
(2) Income-Based Scholarship Program -Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.032
(3) Autism Scholarship Program - Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.41 through § 3310.43
(4) Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program - Ohio Rev. Code § 3310.51 through § 3310.64
(5) Cleveland Scholarship Program - Ohio Rev. Code § 3313.974 through § 3313.979

Do state statutes allow for educational expense tax credits or deductions?

No:

No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?

Did not find:

For Educational Choice Scholarship and Income-Based Scholarship Program:

"Chartered nonpublic school" means a nonpublic school that holds a valid charter issued by the state board of education under section 3301.16 of the Revised Code and meets the standards established for such schools in rules adopted by the state board.

RC 3310.01(A) Definitions.

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Yes:

(1) Educational Choice Scholarship: 60,000 students

(2) Income-Based Scholarship Program: The number of scholarships awarded under this section shall not exceed the number that can be funded with appropriations made by the general assembly for this purpose.

(4) Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program: The number of scholarships awarded under the program in any fiscal year shall not exceed five per cent of the total number of students residing in the state identified as children with disabilities during the previous fiscal year.

(1) RC 3310.02(A)(2)
(2) RC 3310.032(B)
(4) RC 3310.52(B)

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?

Yes:

(1) Educational Choice Scholarship and (2) Income-Based Scholarship Program:

"...each chartered nonpublic school that... enrolls students awarded scholarships under sections 3310.01 to 3310.17 of the Revised Code annually shall administer the assessments prescribed by section 3301.0710 , 3301.0712, or 3313.619 of the Revised Code, as applicable, to each scholarship student enrolled in the school in accordance with section 3301.0711 of the Revised Code.

(4) Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program:

"In order to maintain eligibility for a scholarship, a student shall take each assessment prescribed by section 3301.0710, 3301.0712, or 3313.619 of the Revised Code, as applicable, in accordance with section 3301.0711 of the Revised Code, unless the student is excused from taking that assessment under federal law or the student's individualized education program or the student is enrolled in a chartered nonpublic school that meets the conditions specified in division (K)(2) or (L)(4) of section 3301.0711 of the Revised Code."

(1) & (2) RC 3310.14(A): Chartered nonpublic schools with enrolled students to administer tests.
(4) RC 3310.522 Maintaining eligibility.

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?

Did not find

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

No:

(1) Educational Choice Scholarship and (2) Income-Based Scholarship Program:

Any eligible student who is enrolled in a chartered nonpublic school and for whom a scholarship under the educational choice scholarship pilot program has been awarded shall be entitled to transportation to and from the chartered nonpublic school by the student's resident district in the manner prescribed in section 3327.01 of the Revised Code.

(3) Autism Scholarship Program:

A child attending a special education program with a scholarship under this section shall continue to be entitled to transportation to and from that program in the manner prescribed by law.

(4) Jon Peterson Special Needs Scholarship Program:

A qualified special education child attending a special education program at an alternative public provider or a registered private provider with a scholarship shall be entitled to transportation to and from that program in the manner prescribed by law.

(1) & (2) RC 3310.04 Transportation of eligible students
(3) RC 3310.41(B) Autism scholarship program
(4) RC 3310.60 Student transportation

Interdistrict School Choice

Do state statutes allow for interdistrict choice?

Yes:

For community schools: "Enrollment is limited to students who reside in the district in which the school is located or is open to residents of other districts, as provided in the policy adopted pursuant to the contract."

Other schools:
"The board of education of each city, local, and exempted village school district shall adopt a resolution establishing for the school district one of the following policies:
(a) A policy that entirely prohibits the enrollment of students from adjacent districts or other districts, other than students for whom tuition is paid in accordance with section 3317.08 of the Revised Code;

(b) A policy that permits enrollment of students from all adjacent districts in accordance with policy statements contained in the resolution;

(c) A policy that permits enrollment of students from all other districts in accordance with policy statements contained in the resolution."

3314.06(C): Admission procedures.
3313.98(B)(1)(a-c): Procedures for enrolling students from adjacent districts or other districts.

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?

Yes:

"Upon request of a parent,...a city, exempted village, or local school board enrolling an adjacent or other district student shall provide transportation for the student within the boundaries of the board's district..."

3313.981(H): Reporting numbers of adjacent district and other district joint vocational students.

Page last updated: January 2020

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