School Choice Policies

Charter School Choice

Do state statutes allow for charter schools?

Are for-profit charters allowed?


"The school must be organized and operated as a nonprofit corporation under chapter 317A and the provisions of that chapter shall apply to the school except as provided in this chapter. The operators authorized to organize and operate a school must incorporate as a nonprofit corporation before entering into a contract or other agreement for professional or other services, goods, or facilities."

124E.06 Subd. 2(a):Nonprofit Corporation

Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?

Did not find-

We did not find information about caps on charter schools in Minnesota statutes. However, Education Commission of the States states that Minnesota does not have caps on charters.

Education Commission of the States 50 State Comparison

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?


A charter school must comply with all pupil transportation requirements in section 123B.88, subdivision 1. Section 123B.88, subdivision 1, states that students living two miles or more from a charter school must be offered transportation services. Also, a charter school must not require parents to surrender their rights to pupil transportation under section 123B.88, subdivision 2. The charter school must provide transportation to a student eligible for transportation, if requested by the parent or guardian.

124E.15(a) Transportation
123B.88, subdivision 1 Providing transportation

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?


Charter schools must employ or contract with necessary teachers, as defined by section 122A.15, subdivision 1, who hold valid licenses to perform the particular service for which they are employed in the school. The commissioner may reduce the charter school's state aid under section 127A.43 if the school employs a teacher who is not appropriately licensed or approved by the Professional Educator Licensing and Standards Board.

124E.12 Subd.1 Teacher Employment

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?


"Full-time online learning provider" means an enrolling school authorized by the department to deliver comprehensive public education at any or all of the elementary, middle, or high school levels.

124D.095 Subd.2(i): Online Learning Option

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?

Did not find

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?


A teacher holding a Minnesota license must assemble and deliver instruction to online learning students.

124D.095 Subd.4(e)

Private School Choice

Do state statutes allow for voucher programs?


No voucher programs found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Do state statutes allow for educational expense tax credits or deductions?


Yes, Minnesota statute allows for a K–12 education tax credit.

290.0674 Minnesota Education Credit.

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?

Not Applicable-

However, parents can't claim tax credits for fees that include the teaching of religious tenets, doctrines, or worship, the purpose of which is to instill such tenets, doctrines, or worship. They can't claim tax credit for expenses on textbooks that include instructional books and materials used in the teaching of religious tenets, doctrines, or worship, the purpose of which is to instill such tenets, doctrines, or worship.

290.0674 Subd.1(1 & 2)

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Not Applicable-

However, there is a cap on the tax credit amount: "For claimants with income not greater than $33,500, the maximum credit allowed for a family is $1,000 multiplied by the number of qualifying children in kindergarten through grade 12 in the family. The maximum credit for families with one qualifying child in kindergarten through grade 12 is reduced by $1 for each $4 of household income over $33,500, and the maximum credit for families with two or more qualifying children in kindergarten through grade 12 is reduced by $2 for each $4 of household income over $33,500, but in no case is the credit less than zero."

290.0674 Subd.2

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?

Not Applicable

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?

Not Applicable

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

Not Applicable

Interdistrict School Choice

Do state statutes allow for interdistrict choice?


"An enrollment options program is established to enable any pupil to attend a school or program in a district in which the pupil does not reside, subject to the limitations in this section."

124D.03 Subd. 1.Establishment. (a)

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?


If requested by the parent of a pupil, the nonresident district shall provide transportation within the district. The resident district is not required to provide or pay for transportation between the pupil's residence and the border of the nonresident district. A parent may be reimbursed by the nonresident district for the costs of transportation from the pupil's residence to the border of the nonresident district if the pupil is from a family whose income is at or below the poverty level, as determined by the federal government.

124D.03 Subd.8 Transportation

Page last updated: January 2020

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The content contained herein is currently under review by state policy experts. This beta version of the Policy Map provides a snapshot of school choice policy found in laws passed by the legislative bodies, for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., based on information gathered from state statutes. This information is current through the second legislative session of 2019. The information contained here does not reflect state Department of Education administrative policies, rules, or regulations. Additionally, the information on this website does not constitute legal advice. All content on this site is provided for informational purposes only. As previously indicated, information on this site may not include the most up-to-date policy information. This site contains links to other third-party websites. Such links are for the user’s convenience; neither REACH nor any affiliated entities endorse the contents of third-party sites.