Maryland

School Choice Policies

Charter School Choice

Do state statutes allow for charter schools?

Are for-profit charters allowed?

Did not find-

We did not find in information about for-profit charters in Maryland statutes. However, according to Maryland Department of Education, charters must be operated by nonprofit organizations.

Maryland Department of Education: Charter Schools

Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?

Did not find-

We did not find information about caps on charter schools in Maryland statutes. However, Education Commission of the States states that Maryland does not have caps on charters.

Education Commission of the States 50 State Comparison

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?

Did not find-

We did not find information about transportation requirements for charter schools in Maryland statutes. Education Commission of the States states that Maryland does not specify who must provide transportation to charter school students.

Education Commission of the States 50 State Comparison

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?

No-

Professional staff of public charter schools are subject to the same certification provisions established in regulations for professional staff of other public schools.

The Maryland Department of Education states that all public school teachers must be certified.

§9-105
Maryland Department of Education: Educator Certification Frequently Asked Questions

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?

Yes-

“'Virtual school' means a public school established by the Department or by a county board under § 4–109 of this article in which the school uses technology to deliver a significant portion of instruction to its students via the Internet in a virtual or remote setting."

§7-1401(c)

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?

Did not find

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?

Yes-

A teacher employed by a virtual school shall have a teacher’s certificate issued
by the State Superintendent under Title 6 of this article.

§7-1405

Private School Choice

Do state statutes allow for voucher programs?

Yes-

"The Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today (BOOST) Program provides scholarships for some students who are eligible for the free or reduced–price meals program to attend eligible nonpublic schools. Awards are granted based on household income, with the lowest income served first. The BOOST program for the 2019-2020 school year is governed by language in House Bill 100 of the 2019 legislative session (the Fiscal 2020 Budget Bill)."

Maryland Department of Education: Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today (BOOST) Program
House Bill 100: R00A03.05 Broadening Options and Opportunities for Students Today

Do state statutes allow for educational expense tax credits or deductions?

No-

No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?

Did not find

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Did not find

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?

Yes-

"To be eligible to participate in the BOOST Program, a nonpublic school must...administer national, norm–referenced standardized assessments chosen from the list of assessments published by the United States Department of Education to qualify nonpublic schools for the National Blue Ribbon Schools Program."

Fiscal 2019 Budget Bill § R00A03.05(1)c

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?

Did not find

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

Did not find

Interdistrict School Choice

Do state statutes allow for interdistrict choice?

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?

Not Applicable

Page last updated: January 2020

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The content contained herein is currently under review by state policy experts. This beta version of the Policy Map provides a snapshot of school choice policy found in laws passed by the legislative bodies, for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., based on information gathered from state statutes. This information is current through the second legislative session of 2019. The information contained here does not reflect state Department of Education administrative policies, rules, or regulations. Additionally, the information on this website does not constitute legal advice. All content on this site is provided for informational purposes only. As previously indicated, information on this site may not include the most up-to-date policy information. This site contains links to other third-party websites. Such links are for the user’s convenience; neither REACH nor any affiliated entities endorse the contents of third-party sites.