School Choice Policies

Charter School Choice

Do state statutes allow for charter schools?

Are for-profit charters allowed?

Did not find

Is there a cap on the number of charter schools?

Did not find

Are charters required to provide transportation for any students?


The local board of education shall provide transportation for pupils who qualify for free meals under the national school lunch act and who live 2 1/2 or more miles from the school. School districts may also provide transportation for other students. ("Nothing in this section shall operate in any manner to prevent a board of education from providing transportation to and from a charter school for all pupils attending the school.")

72-4210 - Transportation of pupils.

Can charter schools employ uncertified teachers?

Did not find-

Education Commission of the States says that charter school teachers must be certified; however, we could not find this in the statute.

Education Commission of the States 50-State Comparison

Virtual School Choice

Do state statutes allow for full-time virtual schools?


Virtual schools are permitted, no mention of whether or not they are considered virtual charter schools.

72-3712 - Same; definitions.

Are virtual schools required to track attendance?


No requirement for tracking attendance. However, attendance is used to determine "full-time equivalent enrollment." Attendance can be verified by tracking "a pupil's on-line activity or entries in the pupil's virtual school journal or log of activities."

72-3715(4)(c) - Same; determining full-time equivalent enrollment; state aid; virtual school fund.

Do virtual schools have to comply with state teacher certification requirements?


It is unclear whether certification is required; however, training is required: "...school districts shall provide adequate training to teachers who teach in virtual schools. Each year, school districts shall submit a report relating to training programs provided by the district to teachers who teach in virtual schools. Such reports shall be submitted in the manner and form required by the state board."

72-3714. Same; teacher training programs.

Private School Choice

Do state statutes allow for voucher programs?


No voucher programs found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Do state statutes allow for educational expense tax credits or deductions?


No educational expense tax credits or deductions found.

EdChoice School Choice in America

Can students use vouchers to attend religious schools?

Not Applicable

Is there a cap on the number of students or private schools participating in voucher programs?

Not Applicable

Are voucher students in private schools required to take any standardized tests?

Not Applicable

Can private schools be removed from voucher programs based on performance?

Not Applicable

Are private schools in voucher programs required to provide transportation?

Not Applicable

Interdistrict School Choice

Do state statutes allow for interdistrict choice?


"the boards of education of any two or more unified school districts may make and enter into agreements providing for the attendance of pupils residing in one school district at school in kindergarten or any of the grades one through 12 maintained by any such other school district."

72-13,101.(a) Interdistrict agreements for provision of educational programs authorized; conditions

Are receiving schools or districts required to provide transportation to any students?


The board of education of a school district shall not furnish or provide transportation for students who reside in another school district except in accordance with the written consent of the board of education of the school district in which such student resides

72-6494. Transportation of nonresident students; when authorized; conditions; limitations.

Page last updated: January 2020

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The content contained herein is currently under review by state policy experts. This beta version of the Policy Map provides a snapshot of school choice policy found in laws passed by the legislative bodies, for all 50 states and Washington, D.C., based on information gathered from state statutes. This information is current through the second legislative session of 2019. The information contained here does not reflect state Department of Education administrative policies, rules, or regulations. Additionally, the information on this website does not constitute legal advice. All content on this site is provided for informational purposes only. As previously indicated, information on this site may not include the most up-to-date policy information. This site contains links to other third-party websites. Such links are for the user’s convenience; neither REACH nor any affiliated entities endorse the contents of third-party sites.